The Mild pepper is a type of fungus that can occur in any soil in the country, and can cause significant havoc to the development of the plant, especially in the areas of seed, since you’re the can destroy very quickly. Moreover, it not only attacks the pepper, if not many plants that may be around.
How does the downy pepper harvest?
The fungus can survive in the soil under extreme conditions for a long time. During the growing season, this fungus will produce spores, also known as zoospores. In the presence of free water, you can release many of these spores, which are what make a possible infection. They send a germ tube that will seat penetrate the plant through the cuticle.
So you can generate, this fungus requires that certain conditions are met; for example, a type of climate cálidohúmedo (with air temperatures between 24 and 30C), a kind of soil with high humidity.
Another way to infect the plant is through the seed, and it is that the fungus can live in it.
Symptoms of downy mildew pepper
The Mild pepper affects both the leaves, stems, and fruits. The stem, meanwhile, can be infected at different heights, but more often is that damage is concentrated in the area of the base. This area will begin to weaken, reaching a time when you could get to double.
You usually start detecting symptoms through the sheets that will be presented first in small edematous spots that gradually become larger and darker. Over time seem to have burned, acquiring dark green spots. Even the whole outbreak could dry overnight.
As already mentioned, the fruit symptoms also may occur. Dark spots present soft tissue over time will cover a gray mold. If left untreated mildew on pepper, the fruit will wither and dry up, becoming completely dark.
Finally, it can also affect the roots, getting these turning brown and soft.
Affect how pepper is different than other plants; for example, mildew in onion is different.
How to control downy mildew pepper?
- Land quality: The land is chosen for cultivation should be of quality, with good leveling and preparation.
- Irrigation: Irrigation management must be appropriate, both in planting, how hotbeds.
- Rotation and destruction: The harvest must be rotated once concluded; any remaining debris should be destroyed.
- Overpopulation prevents hotbeds: Given the great ease with which the Mildiu pepper to spread, it is desirable to avoid overcrowding in culture.
- Chemical treatments: Once symptoms have been detected, they have to apply chemical solutions to kill the fungus. They tend to be more or less effective in the first or second day after infesting. The experts recommend copper oxychloride + lime sanitized foci in seedbeds.
Uses natural fertilizers; So you get respect both the plant, how the environment.
- Caution other plants are in the crop area. The Mild pepper also attacks both cucurbits, solanaceous, citrus, and cacao, among many others.